Maximilian of Hapsburg
1832 – 6 JULY
Ferdinand Maximilian of Hapsburg-Lorraine, Archduke of Austria and imperial prince, was born at Schönbrunn. Vienna. He was the second son of Archduke Francis Charles and Archduchess Sophie of Wittelsbach. His elder brother Francis Joseph was born two years prior.
1850 – 2 SEPTEMBER
Maximilian set out from Trieste on a voyage to the eastern Mediterranean.
1850 – 26 OCTOBER
He entered the Austrian Navy.
A cruise took him to Italy and Spain.
He embarked upon a second voyage taking him to Sicily, the Balearic Islands, Portugal, Algeria and Albania
Promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Commander, and command of the “Minerva.”
1853 – 27 FEBRUARY
He decided to build a church in Vienna (Votivkirche) in gratitude for Francis Joseph’s escape from the assassination attempt by Johann Libenyi.
1854 – 10 SEPTEMBER
He was appointed Rear-Admiral and Commander of the Austrian Fleet.
1857 – 28 FEBRUARY
Francis Joseph appointed Maximilian Civil Governor of the Lombardy-Veneto region.
1857 – 27 JULY
The marriage of Maximilian and Charlotte was celebrated in Brussels.
1859 – 20 APRIL
He resigned from the post of Governor of the Lombardy-Veneto region and took up residence in Trieste.
1859 – NOVEMBER
Maximilian set out for Brazil. He bought the Dalmatian island of Lacroma off the coast of Ragusa (now Dubrovnik, Croatia), planning the reconstruction of its ancient monastery.
1863 – 3 OCTOBER
At the castle of Miramare, Maximilian received the Mexican deputation, led by Gutiérrez de Estrada, offering him the crown of Mexico on the initiative of Napoleon III. He was declared Maximilian I Emperor of Mexico.
1864 – 9 APRIL
In the presence of Francis Joseph, Maximilian renounced his rights to succeed to the imperial throne of Austria.
1864 – 14 APRIL
Maximilian and Charlotte left Miramare for Mexico, where they arrived on May 28. There, he found a country disrupted by civil war and in a political situation more difficult than he expected.
Failing the support of the French army, Maximilian was taken prisoner at Querétaro by Juarez’s Republican troops.
1867 – 19 JUNE
Maximilian was shot by order of Juarez.
1868 – 18 JANUARY
The mortal remains of Maximilian reached Trieste on board the “Novara.” Thence they were transferred to Vienna to be buried in the crypt of the Capuchin church.